July 9 1816 – Argentina declares independence from Spain

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July 9 1816 – Argentina declares independence from Spain4.3 (86.67%) 27 votes The Argentine Declaration of Independence on July 9, 1816 was the culmination of the independence struggle that was sparked off in 1806-07. It also marked the high point of the Argentine War of Independence, initiated in 1810 by patriotic leaders including Juan Jose Castelli, Jose de San Martin, and Manuel Belgrano. The assembly, which met at San Miguel de Tucuman to declare complete independence from Spanish authority, also made provisions for an autonomous constitution and established United Provinces of South America, which remains one of the legal names of the Argentine Republic. The independence of Argentina was recognized […]

July 10, 1962 CE – Telstar, the World’s First Communications Satellite, launched into Orbit

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July 10, 1962 CE – Telstar, the World’s First Communications Satellite, launched into OrbitRate this post Once solely the realm of competitors in the Space Race, Earth’s atmosphere took on a whole different purpose when Telstar 1 left the surly bonds of gravity atop a Thor-Delta rocket on July 10, 1962. The first dedicated communications satellite in history would forever change the way people reached each other, paving the way for international television broadcasts, telephone calls and fax transmissions that are ubiquitous today. A host of countries and corporations worked in conjunction to get Telstar 1 off the ground, taking advantage of the new technology to create the first live […]

July 11, 1895 CE – Auguste and Louis Lumiere Demonstrate Film Technology to Scientists

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July 11, 1895 CE – Auguste and Louis Lumiere Demonstrate Film Technology to ScientistsRate this post A pair of French brothers, standing with a group of researchers, turned the crank on a cinematographe – a special machine capable of recording and projecting images. The screening, believed to be the first of its kind, occurred on July 11, 1895 using technology created three years before by Leon Bouly. The moving picture industry was born. The Lumieres, like many others who have risen to fame with new technology, were not inventors by trade. Bouly’s work to invent the cinematographe had been done, but he had found little use for it and was […]

July 12, 1799 CE – Ranjit Singh Becomes Maharaja of Punjab After Conquering Lahore

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July 12, 1799 CE – Ranjit Singh Becomes Maharaja of Punjab After Conquering LahoreRate this post Daring and courageous beyond his 18 years, Ranjit Singh began one of the most successful reigns in Indian history on July 12, 1799 when he drove Lehna Singh Majitha, Gujjar Singh Banghi and Suba Singh from Lahore. Ruling with a balanced approach to people of all faiths, Ranjit Singh would spend the next 40 years establishing the Sikh Empire in Punjab – between the Afghans to the west and British to the south and east high in the mountains of northern India. Ranjit Singh had grown up in a divided territory. For decades before […]

July 13, 1923 CE – An Icon Rises Over Hollywood

July 13, 1923 CE – An Icon Rises Over HollywoodRate this post *Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons High upon Mount Lee in the Santa Monica Mountains, a group of thirteen 45-foot-tall letters were dedicated as an advertisement on July 13, 1923. Reading “Hollywoodland,” the $21,000 sign has become a symbol for the glitz and glamour of the American movie industry and a favorite subject for tourist photos – all this despite being created as a temporary structure designed to draw people to a new housing development and be taken down after just eighteen months. The idea for the iconic sign originally came from H.J. Whitley, a real estate magnate who had […]

July 14, 1881 CE – Billy the Kid Shot and Killed by Pat Garrett Near Fort Sumner

July 14, 1881 CE – Billy the Kid Shot and Killed by Pat Garrett Near Fort SumnerRate this post The American West is filled with romantic figures, each adding to the legend of the lawless frontier perpetuated by historians and banked on by Hollywood. Perhaps the brightest star of them all, Billy the Kid, met his end on July 14, 1881 at Fort Sumner in New Mexico. Tracked to the sleepy town in the southwestern desert, he was shot by Pat Garrett and buried the next day. Born William Henry McCarty, Jr., Billy the Kid has frequently been referred to as William H. Bonney and Henry Antrim. Hired to fight […]

July 15, 1099 CE – The First Crusade Ends at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre

July 15, 1099 CE – The First Crusade Ends at the Church of the Holy SepulchreRate this post *Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons The first of several religious wars in the Middle East among Christians and Muslims, the First Crusade created a rift between two cultures that continues to this day. On July 15, 1099, at the end of a bloody siege on Jerusalem, knights from Europe launched a massive assault on both sides of the city, meeting at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, bringing the Holy War to a close. More than a month before, the Crusaders had arrived on the outskirts of Jerusalem. Having faced little in the […]

July 16, 1683 CE – Shi Lang Eliminates the Last Competitor of the Qing Dynasty at the Battle of Penghu

July 16, 1683 CE – Shi Lang Eliminates the Last Competitor of the Qing Dynasty at the Battle of PenghuRate this post *Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons Two massive armies and navies gathered to decide the fate of Penghu on July 16, 1683 – a battle with implications in the present day, as the Qing Dynasty arrived in the Taiwan Strait to lay waste to its last challenger in the region, the Tungning. Led by Admiral Shi Lang, nearly 100,000 men and over 600 warships helped to capture Taiwan for Emperor Kangxi. Leading up to the attack, the Emperor had decided to cease all communication with the small nation just over […]

July 17, 1762 CE – Catherine II Becomes Tsarina of Russia After the Assassination of Her Husband Peter III

July 17, 1762 CE – Catherine II Becomes Tsarina of Russia After the Assassination of Her Husband Peter III5 (100%) 1 vote *Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons Few would have expected Russia to be eager to have a woman with strong Prussian ties at the helm after the assassination of Peter III – himself a victim of his pro-Prussian ideas – but Catherine II became the kind of leader her people loved. Rising to the seat of power after her husband’s death, she would reign for more than three decades after becoming tsarina on July 17th, 1762. By the time of her death in 1796, she would be known by another […]

July 18, 1995 CE – Soufriere Hills Erupts on Montserrat

July 18, 1995 CE – Soufriere Hills Erupts on Montserrat3.7 (73.33%) 3 votes *Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons The tiny Caribbean island of Montserrat, known for very little in its location at the center of the Lesser Antilles, exploded into a vast plume of sulfuric smoke on July 18, 1995 – an eruption that has continued with little in the way of relief since. Once a haven for British and American recording artists hoping to have a working vacation, some two-thirds of the island’s population has now moved elsewhere. Soufriere Hills had experienced extensive seismic activity periodically over the previous century, with three separate eruptions roughly thirty years apart since 1897. […]