August 1, 1966 CE – The Chinese Government Makes the Cultural Revolution Official

August 1, 1966 CE – The Chinese Government Makes the Cultural Revolution OfficialRate this post Click to view full Infographic Under the leadership of Mao Zedong, the Communist Party of China launched an aggressive campaign to transform the nation by officially instating the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution with a decree on August 1, 1966. Chairman Mao and his government set out to institute socialism at the expense of any other ideology – capitalist, traditional or otherwise – by purging those who had taken the “capitalist road.” For more than a decade, Mao and his successors created a climate of fear in the process of consolidating political power. The seeds of […]

August 2, 216 BCE – Hannibal Causes Panic in Rome After Victory in the Battle of Cannae

August 2, 216 BCE – Hannibal Causes Panic in Rome After Victory in the Battle of CannaeRate this post Click to view full Infographic In the southeast of Italy, approximately 170 miles from Rome, the tiny town of Cannae would be the scene for the last major threat to the security of the Roman Republic for nearly six centuries on August 2, 216 BCE. More than 85,000 Roman troops lined up to tackle the armies of Carthage under the leadership of Hannibal only to be swallowed up by the military genius from North Africa. Historians continue to look upon the defeat as one of the most comprehensive in ancient history, […]

August 3, 1492 CE – Christopher Columbus Sails the Ocean Blue

August 3, 1492 CE – Christopher Columbus Sails the Ocean BlueRate this post Click to view full Infographic After seven years of attempting to secure funding and disappointment after disappointment, Christopher Columbus set sail on his infamous voyage to the New World on August 3, 1492. Though the Europeans had arrived five centuries before when the Norse landed in modern Canada, the Italian sailor’s expedition from Palos, Spain opened the door to waves of European exploration and settlement over the course of several centuries. Columbus moved to find a western trade route to the Orient by approaching the King of Portugal, John II in 1485. Proposing he be given a […]

August 4, 1901 CE – Jazz Musician Louis Armstrong Born

August 4, 1901 CE – Jazz Musician Louis Armstrong BornRate this post *Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons In the toughest part of New Orleans, a poor black family gave birth to one of the shining lights in the city’s history. Louis Armstrong, who would go on to become one of the most popular figures of the Jazz Age, came into the world on August 4, 1901 in the Uptown neighborhood of Louisiana’s most famous city. By the time of his death in 1971, he had traveled the world playing his trumpet and singing with his trademark raspy voice. Growing up in poverty, Armstrong spent much of his youth looking for ways […]

August 5, 1906 CE – The King of Persia Agrees to a Constitutional Monarchy

August 5, 1906 CE – The King of Persia Agrees to a Constitutional MonarchyRate this post In the midst of a period of explosive change in modern Iran, the Persian Constitutional Revolution gained momentum when Mozzafar-al-Din Shah Qajar agreed to the establishment of a parliament on August 5, 1906 following nearly a year of protests. Within five years, the first country in Asia to establish a constitutional monarchy had laid the groundwork for a modern nation that would dissolve its monarchy altogether in 1925. During the early 1900s, just a few years after Mozzafar-al-Din had taken power, his reputation as a spendthrift had gotten the country into significant financial trouble. […]

August 6, 1991 CE – Tim Berners-Lee Makes the World Wide Web Public

August 6, 1991 CE – Tim Berners-Lee Makes the World Wide Web PublicRate this post After more than a decade’s worth of on-again, off-again work, CERN fellow Tim Berners-Lee laid out a web page with directions on how to create your own server and use a browser on August 6, 1991. Working in tandem with Robert Cailliau, Berners-Lee had created the World Wide Web and opened it to the public. Two decades later, what started with “info.cern.ch” has grown into a vast information superhighway of more than a trillion web pages and increasingly become part of our everyday lives. The project began in 1980, when Berners-Lee developed a database called […]

August 7, 1960 CE – Cote d’Ivoire Declares Independence from France

August 7, 1960 CE – Cote d’Ivoire Declares Independence from FranceRate this post After more than a century of French rule – and a 15-year fight – the Cote d’Ivoire gained its independence from its colonial masters on August 7th, 1960. Thanks to the work of a variety of native cocoa farmers (particularly future head of state Felix Houphouet-Boigny) the prosperous West African nation gradually transitioned out from under the thumb of Parliament in Paris to become one of the most successful non-oil-exporting countries on the continent. The connection between France and the tribal lands that would become the Cote d’Ivoire could be described as tense at best throughout most […]

August 8, 1942 CE – The Quit India Movement Strengthens the Call for Swaraj

August 8, 1942 CE – The Quit India Movement Strengthens the Call for SwarajRate this post Click to view full Infographic In the first of many battles between the British colonial government and those looking for an independent Indian state, the Quit India Movement came to prominence on August 8, 1942 in the shadow of the Second World War. Answering the call for peaceful protest in order to demonstrate the need for what Mohandas Gandhi had called “an orderly British withdrawal” earlier in the day at Gowalia Tank Maidan, the Bombay session of the All India Congress Committee passed the Quit India Resolution as a way to encourage mobilization of […]

August 9, 1483 CE – The Sistine Chapel Opens for Mass

August 9, 1483 CE – The Sistine Chapel Opens for MassRate this post *Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons After nine years’ worth of work by some of the most renowned artists and architects in history, the Sistine Chapel opened its doors for its first mass on August 9, 1483 of the Gregorian calendar. (August 15th on the Julian version in place at the time.) From 1473-81, Pope Sixtus IV commissioned architects to restore the former Capella Maggiore (Greater Chapel) in the Apostolic Palace. Once the reconstruction efforts were far enough along, the Bishop of Rome brought in Pietro Perugino, Sandro Botticelli, Domenico Ghirlandaio and a host of other well-respected painters to […]

August 10, 1792 CE – The French Monarchy is Arrested as Federe Militias Storm the Tuileries Palace

August 10, 1792 CE – The French Monarchy is Arrested as Federe Militias Storm the Tuileries PalaceRate this post *Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons For generations, the excesses of the Bourbon royal family weighed upon the people of France. Through wars and extravagant construction projects, the kings and queens spent much of the nation’s fortune, a fact which led the populace to strike back – and imprison King Louis XVI with his wife and children after revolutionaries attacked the Tuileries Palace on August 10, 1792. In April of 1792, seeing the intensity of passions against him, the king empowered a group of Girondins – politicians looking to dissolve the monarchy – […]