October 1 1829 CE – South African College Opens in Cape Town, South Africa

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October 1 1829 CE – South African College Opens in Cape Town, South AfricaRate this post The education of children living in South Africa took a giant leap forward on October 1, 1829: after nearly three decades since the idea was first proposed, South African College opened to its first group of students in Cape Town, South Africa. The institution, consisting of young men from elementary school to college-age, would eventually split into the University of Cape Town and the South African College Schools. Higher education in the colony was born. Forming an educational system in the diverse territory first became a priority for Commissioner General Jacob de Mist in […]

October 2 1187 CE – Saladin and His Muslim Armies Recapture Jerusalem

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October 2 1187 CE – Saladin and His Muslim Armies Recapture Jerusalem5 (100%) 2 votes After a two-week siege, the massive armies of Saladin forced the surrender of the few remaining knights in Jerusalem and ended almost 90 years of Crusader rule on October 2, 1187. Sweeping through the Christian defenders throughout the summer, the Muslim king regained the greatest prize of them all — and opened the door for the Third Crusade. Problems for the Crusaders had begun almost from the start. Once Jerusalem had been conquered in 1099, the reality that the European occupiers were isolated from their counterparts on the home continent became more apparent from year […]

October 3 1993 CE – The Battle of Mogadishu Leaves 18 American Soldiers Dead

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October 3 1993 CE – The Battle of Mogadishu Leaves 18 American Soldiers DeadRate this post Less than a year after the United States Marine Corps came ashore to assume command of the United Nations effort to instill peace in Somalia as part of Operation Restore Hope, the Battle of Mogadishu caused an international uproar as 18 American men and seven UN troops were killed. The lasting image of five dead Army soldiers being dragged through the streets and beaten by locals caused a deep political impact for President Bill Clinton just months into his presidency. The East African nation of Somalia had been at war for nearly two years […]

October 4 1582 CE – Pope Gregory XIII’s Calendar Becomes Official

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October 4 1582 CE – Pope Gregory XIII’s Calendar Becomes OfficialRate this post Though it may seem difficult to contemplate, the current layout of the international calendar is a fairly recent invention. Six months after it debuted in the Inter gravissimas papal bull, Pope Gregory XIII officially instituted a corrected calendar in Catholic territories on October 4, 1582. Due to the discrepancies of the Julian calendar, the following day in countries like Portugal and Spain was the 15th instead of the 5th. The problem with the system introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BCE, according to Gregory and his fellow leaders of the Catholic Church, had to do with a […]

October 5 1789 CE – The March on Versailles Forces the French Royal Family to Return to Paris

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October 5 1789 CE – The March on Versailles Forces the French Royal Family to Return to ParisRate this post Just three months after residents stormed the Bastille, the French Revolution gained steam on October 5, 1789 when a group of women frustrated with high food prices and rampant starvation broke marched through the streets of Paris, then turned toward the royal palace at Versailles. Joined by others filled with the spirit of rebellion, thousands ended up at the gates of the extravagant home of King Louis XVI. The absolute power of the monarchy would soon come to an end. Ironically, the seeds for the protest had been laid in […]

October 6 2000 CE – Slobodan Milosevic Resigns as President of Serbia

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October 6 2000 CE – Slobodan Milosevic Resigns as President of SerbiaRate this post Shortly after an election many Serbian citizens considered fraudulent, Slobodan Milosevic resigned from his position as the President of Serbia on October 6, 2000. Months later, he would become the first national leader brought before the International Criminal Tribunal for war crimes. As head of the former Yugoslavia, Milosevic was believed to have encouraged ethnic cleansing in Kosovo, as well as regions of Bosnia, Slovenia and Croatia. After slowly achieving prominence as a businessman and member of the Communist Party, Milosevic leaped up the political ladder by rising to the head of the Belgrade League of […]

October 7 1849 CE – Author Edgar Allan Poe Dies in Baltimore, Maryland

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October 7 1849 CE – Author Edgar Allan Poe Dies in Baltimore, MarylandRate this post Four days after being discovered on the streets of Baltimore disheveled and incoherent, Edgar Allan Poe died in the Washington College Hospital of Maryland’s capital on October 7, 1849. Just 40 years old, the man from New England had risen to fame by composing a series of dark poems and short stories. Decades before the world knew of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s brilliant detective Sherlock Holmes, Poe was crafting tales filled with mystery for literary magazines all over the fledgling United States. Born in Boston in 1809, Poe was orphaned early in life and taken […]

October 8 1967 CE – Che Guevara is captured in Bolivia

October 8 1967 CE – Che Guevara is captured in BoliviaRate this post *Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons Cornered in the Yuro ravine in the southeast of Bolivia, Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara was finally captured on October 8, 1967. Since his execution the next day, the Argentine doctor-turned-guerilla-leader has turned into a worldwide representative for the spirit of rebellion. Born Ernesto Guevara in the city of Rosario, Argentina, the future revolutionary displayed a deep concern for those left behind by the advance of capitalism. Combining this with his father’s liberal political ideals, it seemed only natural that Guevara would gravitate to the works of Karl Marx, though he took advantage of […]

October 9 1888 CE – The Washington Monument Opens to The Public

October 9 1888 CE – The Washington Monument Opens to The Public3 (60%) 1 vote *Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons The tallest stone structure in the world and one of its most recognizable, the Washington Monument welcomed its first official visitors when it opened on October 9, 1888. More than forty years after the project began — through budget issues, political wrangling and the Civil War — the 555-foot-tall obelisk welcomed curious tourists hoping for a view of Washington, DC. In the years following the American War for Independence, the idea of honoring George Washington in some formal way came from many corners. After the soldier from Virginia marshaled the ragtag […]

October 10 1813 CE – Italian Composer Giuseppe Verdi is Born

October 10 1813 CE – Italian Composer Giuseppe Verdi is Born5 (100%) 1 vote *Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons Life in the 19th century, fueled by the rapid advancements of the Industrial Age, gave birth to a vast number of world-class artists in every medium. Among the most famous in music is composer Giuseppe Verdi, born on October 10, 1813 in the French town of Le Roncole. Recognized for his skill by his mid-20s, Verdi managed to create some of the most beloved operatic pieces in history. Though technically a citizen of France by birth, Verdi grew up in a decidedly Italian family. Educated in the Jesuit tradition in the town […]