January 2 1959 – The Soviet Union Launches Luna 1

January 2 1959 – The Soviet Union Launches Luna 15 (100%) 1 vote More than a decade before man would set foot on the Moon, the Soviet Union fired the first manmade object bound for it into space on January 2, 1959. Though the satellite would end up off course, Luna 1 advanced knowledge of the solar system on many fronts, particularly in its proof that radio communication could be carried through space well past 300,000 miles from Earth In the fifteen months after launching Sputnik 1 into low Earth orbit, the Space Race produced a remarkable number of events — six successful missions spread evenly between the United States […]

January 15 2001 – Wikipedia Goes Online

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January 15 2001 – Wikipedia Goes Online5 (100%) 1 vote On January 15, 2001, Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger launched Wikipedia, a collaborative Internet-based encyclopedia which is edited and written by the Internet community. Wikipedia is an immensely popular general reference site and the largest such site. Though the English version is the most popular, Wikipedia is available in many languages. Most of the earlier encyclopedias of the world were print-based and in 1993, Microsoft published its CD-ROM based encyclopedia – Encarta. In 2000, an English web-based encyclopedia Nupedia was launched by Bomis, a web-advertising firm owned by Jimmy Wales, Tim Shell, and Michael E. Davis. Nupedia needed volunteer contributors […]

January 19 1883 – First Time Use Of Electric Lighting System

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January 19 1883 – First Time Use Of Electric Lighting System5 (100%) 1 vote On January 19, 1883, the overhead electric lighting system designed by Thomas Edison for Roselle, New Jersey, was used for the first time, making it to be the first city in the world to be lit up by electricity. Thomas Alva Edison was born on February 11, 1847, in Milan Ohio. Despite his humble beginnings, a love of science and technology led Edison to become one of the most accomplished inventors of the world. By the time he died in 1931 in West Orange, New Jersey, Edison had given the world a number of inventions that […]

January 21 1954 – USS Nautilus, the First Nuclear-Powered Submarine, is Christened in Connecticut

January 21 1954 – USS Nautilus, the First Nuclear-Powered Submarine, is Christened in Connecticut5 (100%) 1 vote In the midst of a constant quest for technological superiority on the battlefield of the Cold War, the United States took a large leap forward with the christening of the USS Nautilus on January 21, 1954. By developing a nuclear-powered submarine, the US Navy gained mission capabilities their Soviet counterparts would spend four years scrambling to catch up with. The process toward developing a nuclear-powered vessel began at the end of 1947. The culmination of the Manhattan Project — two atomic bombs dropped on Japan to end World War II — gave the […]

January 23 2003 – NASA Loses Contact With Pioneer 10

January 23 2003 – NASA Loses Contact With Pioneer 10Rate this post After more than 30 years and 7.4 billion miles traveled, engineers at the Ames Research Center in Mountain View, California were finally unable to receive a transmission from Pioneer 10 on January 23, 2003. The first spacecraft to leave the solar system, the probe served well beyond its initial mission term of 21 months. When introduced in the 1960s, the concept of an interplanetary study was on the fringes of the mission profile the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was looking for. Driven by President of the United States John F. Kennedy’s proclamation that American feet would […]

January 27 2006 – Western Union discontinues its 155-year-old telegraph service

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January 27 2006 – Western Union discontinues its 155-year-old telegraph serviceRate this post On January 27, 2006, Western Union discontinued its 155 year-old telegraph service. Telegrams became a very important mode of communication through the 20th century and became the standard conveyor of good and bad news. The very first telegram was sent by the inventor of the Morse Code, Samuel Morse. On May 26, 1844, he sent his partner Alfred Vail a telegram that read “WHAT HATH GOD WROUGHT?” ushering in an era in which the telegram would rule the roost and completely displace the Pony Express. The telegram was sent from the Supreme Court chamber in the Capitol […]

January 29 1886 – Karl Benz Patents the Gasoline-Driven Automobile

January 29 1886 – Karl Benz Patents the Gasoline-Driven AutomobileRate this post More than a decade after opening an “Iron Foundry and Machine Shop,” Karl Benz made the breakthrough he had been hoping for: a four-stroke engine powered by gasoline. After attaching his invention to a two-person carriage, Benz received a patent for a “vehicle powered by a gas engine” on January 29, 1886. The car was born. Throughout his twenties, Benz bounced around Germany in search of the best means to apply his education as a mechanical engineer. Unable to fit in with any company, he joined with a partner to form a small factory in the city of […]

February 3 1995 – Discovery takes off on STS – 63

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February 3 1995 – Discovery takes off on STS – 63Rate this post On February 3, 1995, the space shuttle Discovery took off on STS – 63, the first space mission to be piloted by a woman Lt Col Eileen Collins. This was Collins’ first spaceflight. The mission, named STS – 63 part of NASA’s Space Shuttle program – the only implemented part of the Space Transportation System. STS – 63 was launched on February 3, 1995, at 05:22:04 UTC from the John F Kennedy Space Center launch site on Merritt Island, Florida. This was the 20th mission for space shuttle Discovery which spent about 8 days, 6 hours, 28 […]

February 9 1959 – The First Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Becomes Operational

February 9 1959 – The First Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Becomes OperationalRate this post The Cold War reached a new plateau at a military outpost far in the north of Russia on February 9, 1959: the R-7 Semyorka, the first intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), became operational on the launchpad of the Plesetsk Cosmodrome. Just two years after creating a secret program named “Angara,” the Soviet Union kicked the arms race with the United States into high gear. In the wake of World War II, tensions between the two remaining superpowers — the USSR and US — remained at a constant simmer. With both sides eager to ensure supremacy of their political […]

February 13 1960 – France conducted its first Nuclear Test

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February 13 1960 – France conducted its first Nuclear TestRate this post Code-named as “Gerboise Bleue”(Blue Desert Rat), the first French nuclear test was conducted on 13 February 1960. This day marks the beginning of a series of four atmospheric nuclear tests at the Reganne Oasis situated in the Sahara Desert of Algeria. Considered to be quite large for a country’s first nuclear test, Gerboise Bleue was accompanied by an explosive yield of 70 kilotons. After wrapping up the Gerboise test series, France migrated to underground testing at a different site in the Algerian Sahara called In Ecker where it conducted 13 more nuclear tests until 1967. Subsequently, French nuclear […]