June 21, 1788 CE – New Hampshire Makes the United States Constitution Official

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June 21, 1788 CE – New Hampshire Makes the United States Constitution OfficialRate this post After nearly a year’s worth of debate at both the national and state level, the United States Constitution passed the final hurdle to complete ratification on June 21, 1788 when the New Hampshire Convention of Delegates agreed to its provisions. Being the ninth state to do so, New Hampshire cast the deciding vote in the making of the world’s oldest constitution still in use. The process of arriving at a document worthy for the intricate republic of the United States of America had been an exhaustive one. After the Articles of Confederation – the weak […]

June 22: 217 BCE – Ptolemy IV of Egypt Defeats Antiochus III the Great at Raphia

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June 22: 217 BCE – Ptolemy IV of Egypt Defeats Antiochus III the Great at RaphiaRate this post Standing on the field more than a century after the death of Alexander the Great, the descendants of the great king’s heirs were about to do battle once again. Arrayed across the plains near the modern city of Rafah in the Gaza Strip, this conflict in the Fourth Syrian War would arguably demonstrate the permanent dissolution of Alexander’s Hellenistic empire on June 22, 217 BCE. Ptolemy IV Philopator, just four years into his reign of Egypt, had taken the helm of an unstable kingdom. His court, filled with a confusing mess of […]

June 23, 1894 CE – The International Olympic Committee is Founded in Paris

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June 23, 1894 CE – The International Olympic Committee is Founded in ParisRate this post Pierre de Coubertin, a French historian and sports enthusiast, finally realized a five-year dream on June 23, 1894: a new organization would be formed to encourage athletic competition between nations. The International Olympic Committee, led by its Greek president, Demetrios Vikelas, would soon pull together its first event and revive an ancient tradition – one that continues to bring the world together every four years to this day. Though an English physician, David Brookes, created an Olympic Games on the British Isles in 1866 as a means to encourage people to exercise, Coubertin is credited […]

June 24, 1542 CE – Saint John of the Cross is Born in Fontiveros, Spain

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June 24, 1542 CE – Saint John of the Cross is Born in Fontiveros, SpainRate this post A little more than 80 miles to the northwest of Madrid, the quiet village of Fontiveros was little more than a map dot on the Spanish plains on June 24, 1542. On this day in history, the tiny community welcomed a baby boy by the name of Juan de Yepes Alvarez, who would grow to be one of the foremost figures in the Counter-Reformation and a pillar in Spain’s literary tradition. Born into a converso family, meaning they had been Jewish at one time, John came to grips with the life of poverty […]

June 25, 1947 CE – The Diary of Anne Frank is Published

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June 25, 1947 CE – The Diary of Anne Frank is PublishedRate this post One of the most influential books of the 20th century, written by a teenage girl, first reached bookstores on June 25, 1947. The Diary of a Young Girl is more commonly known by the referred to as The Diary of Anne Frank and read the world over to give schoolchildren a unique view of life as a Jew hiding in Nazi-occupied Holland. The story begins shortly after Anne’s 13th birthday. Yet to be driven into hiding, she is much like other girls her age – a childlike wonder she seems to maintain even as she spends […]

June 26, 1955 CE – The Freedom Charter is Released by the South African Congress Alliance

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June 26, 1955 CE – The Freedom Charter is Released by the South African Congress AllianceRate this post Three years after the start of the Defiance Campaign in South Africa, the anti-Apartheid movement had been growing in strength with little to show for it. A series of peaceful demonstrations and violent responses – the Sharpeville Massacre, Soweto Uprising, Cape Town Peace March and more – several groups left out in the cold by the South African government gathered to compose a list of demands, which were made public on June 26, 1955. In late 1951, after years of mistreatment by the white minority government, the African National Congress presented its […]

June 27, 1950 CE – US Forces Ordered to Help Push Back North Korean Invasion of South Korea

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June 27, 1950 CE – US Forces Ordered to Help Push Back North Korean Invasion of South KoreaRate this post Two days after North Korean tanks and infantry crossed the 38th parallel into South Korea, President of the United States Harry Truman ordered the US Army to support efforts to push back the invasion. The South Korean government, led by Syngman Rhee, had evacuated Seoul on June 27, 1950 – and Truman’s directive to halt the advance of Communism would soon follow, marking the first open conflict between Western ideals and Eastern policy since the end of World War II. The battle was fierce, beginning with an artillery barrage on […]

June 28, 1971 CE – Muhammad Ali Has His Day in the Supreme Court

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June 28, 1971 CE – Muhammad Ali Has His Day in the Supreme CourtRate this post There a handful of people from the 20th century who could be said to have exemplified excellence that transcended their chosen discipline and Muhammad Ali is arguably one of them. Having refused to serve in the United States Armed Forces during the Vietnam Conflict in 1967, the famous boxer produced another famous victory on June 28, 1971: the Supreme Court overturned his conviction for rejecting his appointment according to the draft. The process began in 1964, when Ali failed the qualifying test for the armed forces due to his poor spelling and writing abilities. […]

June 29, 1149 CE – Nur ad-Din Zangi Achieves Victory at the Battle of Inab

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June 29, 1149 CE – Nur ad-Din Zangi Achieves Victory at the Battle of InabRate this post The events which inform the current struggles in the Middle East are myriad, though one could easily argue the Crusades have as much influence as any other in the long timeline of the region’s history. On June 29, 1149, as the Second Crusade raged on, Nur ad-Din Zangi struck a blow for Islam that might have seemed small in his day but might be considered the first domino in the expulsion of the Christian armies from the region permanently by winning the Battle of Inab over Raymond of Antioch. Having taken control of […]

June 30, 1990 CE – East and West Germany Merge Their Economies at Midnight

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June 30, 1990 CE – East and West Germany Merge Their Economies at MidnightRate this post Though the Berlin Wall had come down seven months before, the official work of joining the East Germans to their brothers and sisters in the West had not been accomplished as summer set in over central Europe. Having been occupied since the end of World War II in 1945, the unification of the two economies on June 30, 1990 was a major step toward self-government for the German people. The process began in late November of 1989, when West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl presented a Ten-Point Plan for reunification less than three weeks after […]