*Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons
The wealthy city-state of Venice, bustling with trade at all times, had a critical problem: hostile boats from other seafaring regions attacking merchant ships spreading Venetian goods around the Mediterranean Sea. In order to help minimize the occurrences of such treachery, an obscure mathematician from the University of Padua named Galileo Galilei stepped forward with an improvement on a relatively new technology in the hopes of selling it to the Venetian Senate. On August 25, 1609, he presented a modification on a Dutch design for what would go on to become known as the telescope.
For more than a decade, Galileo had been walking the halls at the University of Padua without much in the way of attention. Teaching geometry and astronomy alongside theories of motion, he had managed to retain a relatively flat career trajectory until necessity forced him to find a way to generate more income. The father of a handful of illegitimate children, Galileo found himself in need of a raise or a business venture which would allow him generate revenue. By modifying spyglasses created in the Netherlands, he found a way to do both – and, in time, change the course of human history. …(Read more)