On March 22, 1945, the Arab League was formed in Cairo, Egypt. The league, which is a regional organization of Arab states, was formed by six countries which included Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon and Transjordan, which in 1949 was renamed Jordan. Yemen joined the league as the seventh member in May 1945. The aim behind establishing the league was to resolve disputes between the members, coordinate political aims and to help in the economic growth in the region. The league saw its first big action in 1948 at the time of the creation of Israel. The league countries attacked Israel but were beaten back. After a span of two years, the league signed a mutual defense treaty. In 1965, the Arab League established a common market. Today, the Arab League has 22 members.
WHAT HAPPENED ON - 22 March
Every 30 seconds, the sound of bells breaks the quiet of a forest 45 miles north of the Belarusian capital, Minsk. In the middle of a wide clearing, a tall granite figure cuts a dark contrast to the bright green growing around it. The statue, part of a large monument to the town of Khatyn, commemorates the massacre of the small village by Nazi soldiers on March 22, 1943.
Situated between the Soviet Union and Poland, Belarus was thrust into World War II almost as soon as combat started. Two weeks after the Nazis pushed east to assault the tiny Polish town of Mokra, the Red Army responded by driving 800,000 troops into the neighboring countries of Ukraine and Belarus on September 17, 1939. When Joseph Stalin’s administration claimed the move to be defensive in light of the German advance through Poland, it seemed a logical strategy.
The Soviet administration covered up the truth, however: the massive movement was part of the pre-war Molotov-Ribbentrop Non-Aggression Pact with the Nazis signed that August, days before the invasion of Poland. As part of the deal, Nazi and Soviet representatives divided the nations between them to guarantee both governments new territory. For nearly two years, the huge armies of Germany and the Soviet Union stood their ground in Eastern Europe, honoring the agreement and newly-established borders. …(Read more)