WHAT HAPPENED ON - 21 October

October 21 1805 CE – The British Claim Victory at the Battle of Trafalgar

October 21 1805 CE – The British Claim Victory at the Battle of Trafalgar
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*Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Just as the rise of Napoleon began to affect the European continent, an infamous victory for the British navy on October 21, 1805 established dominance on the seas that would last for a century. Triumph at the Battle of Trafalgar meant a legacy of heroism for Admiral Horatio Nelson, as well as a shift in maritime tactics that altered warfare amongst large armadas forever.

Since taking command of the French army in 1796, Napoleon Bonaparte had become nothing short of a force of nature when it came to ground combat. The British Royal Navy, on the other hand, had managed to swell during the 18th century into a battle group capable of defeating nearly anything thrown at it by ships from the continent — that is, assuming the British hadn’t made them allies by subsidizing their armies first. In 1802, after the War of the Second Coalition, France and Britain signed a tenuous peace accord at Amiens. It lasted just months. …(Read more)

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