On March 7, 1876, Alexander Graham Bell received a patent for the telephone. Bell, who was Scottish-born, was 29-years-old at the time. He was a scientist, engineer, innovator and inventor. Graham was the son of Melville Bell and worked with him in London. Melville Bell developed Visible Speech, a written system used to teach speaking to the deaf. However, his family later moved to Boston. Bell’s work was greatly influenced by his wife and mother who were deaf. He did pioneering research on hearing and speech which led him to experiment with hearing devices. This experimentation finally culminated in him being awarded the first U.S. patent for the telephone in 1876.
WHAT HAPPENED ON - 07 March
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Just days after the death of a protester shot by Alabama policeman, in Marion, some 600 African-Americans gathered in Selma for a 54-mile march to the capital of Montgomery. After crossing over the Edmund Pettus Bridge on March 7, 1965, the civil rights activists were met by a line of state troopers with orders to stop the protest after a few blocks of walking. The officers did so with extreme force, firing tear gas into the crowd and advancing with batons to beat them back — shocking images would soon be on televisions all over the United States and spread across the world.
After decades of discrimination throughout the South under the power of Jim Crow laws, a number of groups rose up to defend the rights of African-Americans granted after the Civil War. Spurred by the Montgomery Bus Boycott organized after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat, organizations found ways to pull blacks together to protest unfair treatment across the social spectrum. The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), for example, focused primarily upon voting rights in preparation for the 1964 election. …(Read more)